A dental crown – is actually the visible part of the tooth.
However, we can distinguish two types of dental crowns: natural crown and artificial crown. The natural dental crown is exactly what we are used to seeing in the mouth and has the basic function of the tooth – the functioning and chewing of food. This is the reason why the crown must have maximum strength and hardness.
But, usually when we hear the word “dental crown” the artificial one is what goes to our mind first. Artificial dental crown is a combination of different materials, which takes the form of the natural crown and replaces it.
If you are getting or planning to get a dental crown from your Dentist Armadale, here are the things you need to know.
Types of dental crowns based on the material used
Dental crowns are made of various materials, and patients can choose between the following types:
- Dental crown in ceramic (pure porcelain)
- Dental crown in zirconium (zirconium)
- Dental crown in metal – ceramic (metal-porcelain)
- Dental crown in metal – resin
- Metal dental crown
A dental crown is recommended in the following cases:
- When the teeth are affected by decay they are chipped or broken and can not be reconstructed with a filling
- When the teeth are devitalized, because after devitalization the teeth are weak and can be damaged
- When the teeth are affected by certain diseases that are destroying the enamel
- When we have to cover a dental implant.
The process of dental crowns
Before encapsulation, the tooth has to be prepared. The preparation of the tooth includes the following steps:
The tooth is devitalized to avoid the pain that can occur when the tooth is alive. Next, the crown of the natural tooth is polished until a thickness is obtained, necessary for the encapsulation. Then the mold, the color is taken and the preparation of the artificial crown is continued.
While the final crown is made, a provisional crown is applied to the already prepared tooth; The final step will be the cementation of the final dental crown. The time in which the dental crown is prepared may vary from one situation to another. However, it is usually ready in 5-7 days from when the mold is taken.
The advantages of dental crowns
Although each type of dental crown has its benefits, below have presented the common benefits of dental crowns:
- Returns the tooth in its original form
- Dental crowns strengthen the teeth
- Aesthetic improvement of the teeth
- Protect compromised teeth
- Functional improvement of the teeth
- The crowns are fixed (compared to the removable prosthesis).