Bleeding gums can be a sign that you have or are at risk for periodontal disease. Persistent bleeding of the gums may be due to the buildup of plaque on the teeth. It can also be a sign of a serious medical condition.
This is why you need to call an emergency dentist in Armadale if you experience bleeding gums.
The main cause of bleeding in the gums is the accumulation of plaque in the gum line. This leads to a condition called gingivitis or inflamed gums.
The plate that is not removed will harden and become tartar. This leads to increased bleeding and a more advanced form of periodontal disease and the jaw bone known as periodontitis .
Other causes of bleeding gums can be:
- Any bleeding disorder
- Brush with great force
- Hormonal changes during pregnancy
- Prostheses or other dental devices poorly adjusted
- Misuse of dental floss
- Infection, which can be in both the teeth and the gums
- Leukemia , a type of cancer in the blood
- Scurvy , a vitamin D deficiency
- Use of anticoagulants
- Deficiency of vitamin K
Visit the dentist at least every six months to remove the plaque and follow its recommendations for home care.
Brush your teeth gently with a soft bristle brush at least twice a day. It is better to be able to brush after each meal. Also, flossing twice a day can prevent plaque buildup.
Your dentist can tell you to rinse with salt water or hydrogen peroxide and water. DO NOT use mouthwashes that contain alcohol, which can aggravate the problem.
It can help to follow a healthy and balanced diet. Try to avoid snacks between meals and reduce carbohydrate intake.
Other tips to help with bleeding gums:
- Take a periodontal exam.
- DO NOT consume tobacco that aggravates the bleeding of the gums.
- Control the bleeding of the gums by applying pressure directly on the gum with gauze moistened in ice water.
- If you have been diagnosed with a vitamin deficiency, take vitamin supplements.
- Avoid the use of acetylsalicylic acid ( aspirin ), unless your doctor has recommended taking it.
- If the side effects of a medication are causing the irritation, ask the doctor to prescribe another drug. Never change your medication without first
- talking with your doctor.
- Use an oral irrigation device in the low setting to massage the gums
- Go to the dentist if your dentures or other dental appliances do not fit properly or if they are causing painful spots on the gums.
- Follow the dentist’s instructions on how to brush and use dental floss to avoid hurting the gums.
When to contact a medical professional
- Bleeding is severe or prolonged (chronic).
- The gums continue to bleed even after treatment.
- You have other unexplained symptoms with bleeding.
- What you can expect in the doctor’s office
- The dentist will examine the teeth and gums, and ask questions about the problem. Your dentist will also ask about your oral hygiene habits. It
- will also ask questions about your diet and the medications you take.
Tests that may be done include:
- Blood studies such as CSC (complete blood count) or leukocyte formula
- X-rays of the teeth and jaw