Sometimes when we bite an apple we see red traces. Other times we see blood when we spit after brushing. It does not matter how we realize that our gums are bleeding: it is a warning signal, indicating an inflammation of the gums (gingivitis) or the periodontitis (periodontitis). In the worst case, the result is tooth loss.
Healthy gums do not bleed. They are pale pink, firm and have a corrugated profile, while the sick and inflamed gums are dark red and are soft and sensitive. In addition, they bleed easily and give off an unpleasant odor.
Call an emergency dentist Armadale today if your gums are bleeding.
The cause: bad oral hygiene
The main cause of this inflammation and bleeding of the gums is bad oral hygiene, as plaque is formed on badly brushed or unbrushed teeth. The groove between the teeth and the gums is particularly at risk.
Plaque bacteria excrete harmful metabolic products called endotoxins, which trigger an immune system immune response. In turn, this immune reaction causes an inflammation, which, although it destroys the bacteria, produces a retraction of the gums. If the infection does not receive treatment, it will attack the periodontium and finally the jaw.
In addition to poor oral hygiene, the risk factors for the development of bleeding gums, gingivitis and periodontal disease include smoking, diabetes, hormonal changes during pregnancy or prolonged breathing through the mouth.
Frequently, occasional bleeding around some teeth indicates that it is necessary to clean them better. In no way should we stop brushing to avoid bleeding, as this will only make the gum infection worse. The plaque should be removed, otherwise the gums will not heal, and this can only be achieved with a toothbrush and other cleaning products for oral hygiene.
However, bleeding can be a sign of healing; for example, when the interdental brushes are used for the first time to clean the space between the teeth, it is possible that a small bleeding occurs. This indicates the existence of an inflammation, but the bleeding should disappear after a week. Daily interdental cleaning will allow you to reduce inflammation and thus avoid the risk of periodontitis; But if the bleeding does not stop, you should consult a dental health professional.
For a better assessment of your bleeding or inflamed gums, see your dentist in Armadale as soon as you can and have regular checkups as well.